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By Thomas Reuter

This number of papers is the 5th in a sequence of volumes at the paintings of the Comparative Austronesian undertaking. Reflecting the original adventure of fourteen ethnographers in as many alternative societies, the papers during this quantity discover how humans within the Austronesian-speaking societies of the Asia-Pacific have usually built their courting to land and particular territories. desirous about the nexus of neighborhood and international techniques, the amount bargains clean views to present debate in social thought at the conflicting human trends of mobility and emplacement.

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Sharing the Earth, Dividing the Land: Land and Territory in the Austronesian World

This number of papers is the 5th in a chain of volumes at the paintings of the Comparative Austronesian venture. Reflecting the original adventure of fourteen ethnographers in as many various societies, the papers during this quantity discover how humans within the Austronesian-speaking societies of the Asia-Pacific have ordinarily built their courting to land and particular territories.

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When the Japanese army came to Lahat in 1942, Talang Batay was asked to move to a site along the Kikim Raya road. Since new Mandi Angin village was not spacious enough to accommodate the residents of Talang Batay, the residents bought some of the rubber garden areas of Tanjung Beringin and converted them into a village. Since 1944, this new village is known as Batay village. One person from the jungkuk of Raje Ringkeh who lives in Batay now assumes the role of the Jurai Tue in Batay village. The jungkuk is a good example of what Fox (1988, 1996a) calls an origin group.

38 Chapter 2. The Origin Structure of Kute Among the Gumai: An Analysis of an Indigenous Territorial Institution in the Highlands of South Sumatra Minako Sakai This chapter examines indigenous territorial categories in the highlands of the Province of South Sumatra, by focusing on Gumai villages. While desa is the official term for villages, conceived as administrative units of the modern Indonesian State, and while most people will name their dusun or ‘hamlet’ when asked about their place of residence, local ritual specialists still use kute as the traditional term to refer to a residential territory (from Sanskrit and Old-Malay kuta, ‘fortified town’ or ‘palace’).

1 Each jungkuk of Mandi Angin village takes its derivation from the ultimate origin point of the village, Puyang Kerie Tingal, the Puyang Ketunggalan Dusun. Figure 1 shows the succession of the jungkuk of the Jurai Tue of Mandi Angin village. The main task of the person with the title of Jungkuk is to reside in his or her native village and to have offspring to continue the genealogical linkage to the village founder. The office needs to be carried on by a successor, who remains in his or her natal village.

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