Download Alexander the Great and the Mystery of the Elephant by Frank L. Holt PDF

By Frank L. Holt

To all those that witnessed his outstanding conquests, from Albania to India, Alexander the nice seemed invincible. How Alexander himself promoted this appearance--how he abetted the idea that he loved divine desire and commanded even the forces of nature opposed to his enemies--is the topic of Frank L. Holt's soaking up publication.

Solid proof for the ''supernaturalized'' Alexander lies in an extraordinary sequence of medallions that depict the effective younger king at battle opposed to the elephants, archers, and chariots of Rajah Porus of India on the conflict of the Hydaspes River. Recovered from Afghanistan and Iraq in sensational and infrequently perilous situations, those historic artifacts have lengthy lively the fashionable historic debate approximately Alexander. Holt's booklet, the 1st dedicated to the secret of those historical medallions, takes us into the historical past in their discovery and interpretation, into the knowable proof in their manufacture and which means, and, eventually, into the king's personal psyche and his scary theology of battle. the result's a helpful research of Alexander heritage and fantasy, a brilliant account of numismatics, and a spellbinding inspect the age-old mechanics of megalomania.

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20 He was right. In 1841, an angry mob hacked Burnes and his brother to pieces, then attacked the British garrison just outside Kabul. Of the thousands who tried to fight their way back to India through the narrow passes near Seh Baba and Jagdalak, only one Englishman—a doctor named William Brydon—survived the bloody retreat. Nonetheless, the Great Game continued. In 1878, fearing Afghan overtures to the Russians, the British dispatched 35,000 troops to intervene again. Another knight, Sir Pierre Louis Napoleon Cavagnari, hold- 18.

Where had so much treasure originated? 26 This temple, laboriously excavated in rePichikyan, “Rebirth of the Oxus Treasure: Second Part of the Oxus Treasure from the Miho Museum Collection,” Ancient Civilizations 4 (1997): 306–83. Others argue that this material derives from a different great hoard at Mir Zakah. , “Découvertes récentes de trésors indo-grecs: Nouvelles données historiques,” Comptes rendus de l’Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres, April–June 1995: 611–29. 26. Elaborated most fully in Boris Litvinsky and Igor Pichikyan, The Hellenistic Temple of the Oxus in Bactria (South Tajikistan), vol.

15 In 1877, a roiling surge near an ancient Greek settlement unearthed a vast hidden treasure of silver and gold from the banks of the Oxus. Over a period of four years, as the water did its work, local villagers gathered up thousands of coins, cups, rings, bracelets, bowls, plaques, and figurines. 16 As those valuables trickled into the eager hands of European collectors by way of Peshawar and Rawalpindi, the old tales of the so-called Oxus Treasure quickly became the stuff of legend. In 1880, three Muslim merchants from Bukhara bought a huge share of the hoard from the villagers and hurried to Peshawar to reap their rewards.

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