Download A to Z of Physicists (Notable Scientists) by Darryl J. Leiter PDF

By Darryl J. Leiter

One other very important survey within the striking Scientists sequence, A to Z of Physicists focuses not just at the lives and personalities of these profiled, but in addition on their learn and contributions to the sector. a desirable and critical section of this quantity is the eye paid to the hindrances that girls and minority physicists have conquer to arrive their own objectives. via incidents, quotations, and images, the entries painting whatever of the human face that is frequently misplaced in books on technological know-how and scientists. A to Z of Physicists good points a hundred and fifty entries and 50 black-and-white pictures. Culturally inclusive and spanning the total variety of physicists from precedent days to the current day, this can be an amazing source for college kids and common readers drawn to the background of physics or the numerous facets of the non-public lives of vital physicists.

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Building on Barkla’s later work, Compton demonstrated the relationship between the characteristic X radiation, a wave, and the corpuscular radiation, a particle, accompanying it. His work also showed both the applicability and the limitations of quantum theory in relation to X rays. See also RÖNTGEN, WILHELM CONRAD. Further Reading Knoll, Glenn Frederick. Radiation Detection and Measurement. 3d ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1999. ᨳ Becquerel, Antoine-Henri (1852–1908) French Experimentalist (Radioactivity) Antoine-Henri Becquerel changed the course of modern physics by his accidental discovery in 1896 of natural radioactivity, the spontaneous emission of radiation by a material.

In 1938, he entered the University of Utrecht, where he was allowed to assist in the research of a graduate student, G. A. W. Rutgers, with whom he published his first paper, “On the Straggling of Alpha Particles in Solid Matter,” in 1940.

When for several days the clouds refused to part, Becquerel, whether from impatience or curiosity, decided to develop the plates anyway. Instead of the faint images he expected to appear, he was amazed to discover images that were quite distinct; the plates had been strongly exposed to radiation. He concluded that this phenomenon was not related to fluorescence, but was a continuous and natural emission by the crystals. Studying the radiation, he found that it behaved in the same way as X rays: that is, it penetrated matter and ionized air.

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