Download A Companion to Moral Anthropology by Didier Fassin PDF

By Didier Fassin

A significant other to ethical Anthropology is the 1st collective attention of the anthropological dimensions of morals, morality, and ethics. unique essays by way of overseas specialists discover many of the currents, techniques, and concerns during this very important new self-discipline, studying issues reminiscent of the ethnography of moralities, the learn of ethical subjectivities, and the exploration of ethical economies.

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Every moral fact consists in a diffusely sanctioned rule of behavior. “Sanction,” understood as a predetermined social reaction to rule violation, is presented as the fundamental criterion for objectifying moral facts. indd 22 6/19/2012 2:05:03 PM DURKHEIM AND THE MORAL FACT 23 “organized” in the latter. Clearly this criterion makes the relationship between rule and instituted fact more problematic in matters of morality than in law, precisely because the question of subjectively distributed moral judgment cannot be raised in the same terms for morality as for a clearly outlined, circumscribed, judgmentmaking institution.

Violence, in a similar way, has been the object of recent interest of anthropologists, again giving rise to normative stances, more frequently when it is committed by agents easily characterized as dominants than when it occurs among those regarded as the dominated; not only does the qualification of an act as violent always engage a form of moral reprobation, but also the issues of the expansion of the object, such as with the reformulation of poverty and inequality as structural violence, and of the homogeneity of its expression, as implied in the idea of a continuum of violence from sexual abuse to genocide, involve profound moral interrogations.

He resolved this problem as follows. Every moral fact consists in a diffusely sanctioned rule of behavior. “Sanction,” understood as a predetermined social reaction to rule violation, is presented as the fundamental criterion for objectifying moral facts. indd 22 6/19/2012 2:05:03 PM DURKHEIM AND THE MORAL FACT 23 “organized” in the latter. Clearly this criterion makes the relationship between rule and instituted fact more problematic in matters of morality than in law, precisely because the question of subjectively distributed moral judgment cannot be raised in the same terms for morality as for a clearly outlined, circumscribed, judgmentmaking institution.

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